By Bayo > Ogunmupe > Shimon Peres, former > president of Israel, has died at the age of 93 years. The > Polish born Israeli statesman was the ninth president of > Israel, serving from 2007 till 2014. Peres served twice as > prime minister in 1977 when Yitzhak Rabin stepped down over > over a foreign exchange scandal involving Rabin's wife and > 1984-86 in a coalition with Yitzhak Shamir of the Likud > party. Peres was a member of 12 cabinets in a career > spanning 66 years. He was elected to the Knesset, the > Israeli Parliament from !959 to 2007 when he became > president. > Peres held some diplomatic > and military positions during and after Israel's War of > Independence. His first major position was as > Deputy-Director General of Defence in 1953 till 1959. In his > career, he represented five political parties in the Knesset > Mapai, Rafi, the Alignment, Labour and Kadima; he led the > Alignment and Labour. Peres won the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize > as Israeli foreign minister along with Prime Minister > Yitzhak Rabin and the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. It > was for the peace talks he participated in producing the > Oslo Peace Accords. > Peres was nominated in 2007 by Kadima > for the presidential election, and was elected by the > Knesset to the presidency in June 2007. Peres was the first > former prime minister to be elected president of Israel. By > the time if retirement in 2014, he was the world's oldest > head of state. He died near Tel Aviv on 28 September 2016 > following a massive stroke. > Peres was born in Poland now Vishnyeva, > Belarus to Yitzhak(1896-1962) and Sara(1905-1969 nee > Meltzer) Perski. The family spoke Hebrew, Yiddish and > Russian at home, Peres learned Polish, English and French at > school. His father was a timber merchant while his mother > was a librarian. he had a younger brother, Gershon. Peres > learned the Talmud, the Jewish holy book under his > grandfather Rabbi Zvi Meltzer. > In 1932, Peres' father > emigrated to British Palestine, settling at Tel Aviv. The > family followed him in 1934. Peres attended Balfour > Elementary School, Balfour High School and a College of > Commerce in Tel Aviv. At 15, he transferred to Ben > Shemen Agricultural School. In 1941, he was elected > Secretary of a Zionist Youth Movement and in 1944 he > returned to Alumot where he worked as a dairy farmer and > shepherd. At age 20, he was elected to the national > secretariat of the Mapai party. Later, the leader of Mapai > David Ben-Gurion appointed him into the Mapai Council. > In 1941, all of Peres' relatives > remaining in Poland were murdered during the > Holocaust, many of them including Rabbi Meltzer were burned > alive in their synagogues. In 1945, Peres married Sonya > Gelman. They had a daughter, Dr Tsiki Walden, a professor of > languages; an elder son Yoni, a veterinary doctor and a > younger son Chemi Peres, co-founder and managing partner, > Pitango Venture Capital, one of Israel's largest venture > capital funds. Chemi is a former helicopter pilot in Israel > Air Force. > In 1947, Peres joined the > Haganah, the predecessor of Israel Defence Forces. > Ben-Gurion made him head of personnel and arms purchases. He > was promoted head of the Navy when Israel received > independence in 1948. As head of the Israeli delegation to > the United States in the 1950s, Peres studied > Economics and philosophy at the New School, New York > University and management at Harvard University. In 1952 at > 29 years, Peres had become the director of the > ministry of defence. He was the youngest person to hold such > office at that time. in that capacity, he secured an > alliance with France, securing massive arms that tipped the > balance of power in the Mid East. > Due to Peres' mediation, Israel > acquired advanced French jet fighters, established a nuclear > reactor and entered into a tripartite agreement with France > and Britain positioning Israel advantageously > for the 1956 Suez Crisis. Peres planned the Suez war with > Britain and France. By 1955, France was shipping large > cargoes of weapons to Israel. Astute diplomacy earned > Peres the French Legion of Honour. In their alliance against > Egypt, they invaded Sinai; successfully attained their > objective. But hostility to seizure of the Suez Canal from > the U.S and the USSR forced them to withdraw, stopping them > from control of the Canal. > When Peres was elected to > the Knesset in 1959, he was made Deputy Defence Minister. In > 1965, Peres, Moshe Dayan left Mapai with Ben-Gurion to form > Rafi Party which later reconciled with Mapai to form the > left leaning alliance. By 1974, after serving as minister of > information, Peres became minister of Defence. with Yitzhak > Rabin as premier having been Rabin's rival for the post > after Golda Meir resigned in the aftermath of the Yom Kippur > war. > Peres succeeded Rabin as Labour party > leader in 1977 after Rabin resigned over a foreign exchange > scandal. Peres lost the subsequent election but returned as > premier after an alliance with Likud in1984. Yitzhak > Shamir replaced him as premier in 1986. Peres served as > Rabin's foreign minister from 1992, sharing the Nobel Peace > Prize with Rabin and Arafat. After Rabin's assassination in > 1995, Peres was acting premier and minister of defence, > winning the 1996 election to retain the premiership. > During his tenure, Peres promoted the > use of the Internet in Israel, creating the first website of > an Israeli prime minister. However he was defeated by > Benjamin Netanyahu in 1996. Then, Ehud Barak replaced Peres > as Labour leader in 1997- going ahead to defeat Netanyahu as > premier in 1999. Thereafter, Peres resigned from the Labour > party to join Ariel Sharon's Kadima party. That was > consequent upon Sharon's crushing defeat of Barak as premier > in 2001. In 2007, Kadima nominated Peres for president; in > June Peres was elected president by the Knesset. He had won > 86 to 23. He was sworn in as president in July. In 2008, he > was knighted by the British queen. In 2012,he was the > recipient of the Presidential Medal of Honour from U.S > President Barack Obama. > For his political views, Peres > was considered a hawk, supporting a two state solution to > the Mid East crisis. Shimon Peres authored eleven books, > three of which were best sellers. Many world leaders > attended his funeral, including President Obama of the > United States.